Formation of skill cells are continuous on the scalp; thus, the shedding of dead skin cells is a normal process. But, because of dandruff skin cells are shed at a faster rate than normal. Oil from the scalp causes the skin cells to clump altogether and seem as white flakes. The overgrowth of yeast can also cause dandruff.
Besides an unhealthy lifestyle, the main reasons for dandruff in the scalp are exposure to the atmosphere, pollution, dust, dirt, and improper maintenance of scalp hygiene. Other than these, dandruff can occur if:
- One is suffering from constipation or following an unhealthy diet from a long time.
- The stress of high level, as well as direct exposure of one’s scalp to extreme temperature conditions, can also result in dandruff.
- Usage of too harsh shampoos and cleansers can also lead to dry dandruff. Moreover, it damages the hair health to a great extent.
- Overactive oil glands lead to Seborrheic dermatitis, which is a primary contributor of oily dandruff.
Dandruff flakes are generally yellowish-white in colour, oily when touch, and slightly larger than dry scalp flakes. If one scratch his scalp, he’ll have slightly oily yellowish flakes stuck under his nails. Dandruff is caused by a fungus that feeds on a build-up of oil and product on one’s hair and scalp. Anti-dandruff shampoos work by stripping the hair and scalp of all of the oil and product build-up, which basically starves the fungus. That’s why it is recommended to shampoo daily for 1 – 2 weeks with the dandruff shampoo, to make sure that he don’t let any build-up reoccur before the fungus is totally eradicated.
Main solution for the problem of dandruff first is-
- Changing your oil
- Changing your shampoo
One of the most effective shampoo is Ketomac dandruff treatment shampoo which contains Ketoconazole, a broad-spectrum synthetic antifungal agent with a concentration of 2% in an aqueous suspension. It is used to prevent and treat dandruff as it kills the fungi that create dandruff on one’s scalp. But if he wants to use it for any other condition other than preventing dry flakes, he should consult his physician.
This shampoo might have various side effects on one’s skin like burning sensation, contact dermatitis and dry hair for some people if it is used for a long time and then one must see his doctor immediately.
People those who want to use a shampoo forever like best anti dandruff shampoo for coloured hair, any side effects or reactions, there are various natural, synthetic-free alternatives available in the market. Tea Tree essential oil is among the best remedies for dry, flaky scalp. Tea tree is best known for its antifungal properties; this will protect the scalp from dandruff-causing fungi.
If people have dandruff, there is a need to focus first on completely eradicating the dandruff before worrying about their colour. They need to shampoo every day for at least a week, then use it every other day for another week, then they can switch to a gentler shampoo.